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DOP060. CD62L (L-selectin) shedding for assessment of functional blockade of TNF alpha in anti-TNF treated inflammatory bowel disease patients: clinical feasibility and perspectives

P. Juillerat1,2, P. Andrew1, J. Macpherson1, E. Slack1, N. Patuto1,2, J. Cahenzli1, K.D. McCoy1, A.J. Macpherson1,2, 1University Bern, Maurice E Müller Laboratories, Universitätsklinik für Viszerale Chirurgie und Medizin, Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland, 2Clinic for Visceral Surgery and Medicine, Gastroenterology, Bern, Switzerland

Background

Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibition is central to the therapy of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). However, loss of response (LOR) is frequent and additional tests to help decision making with costly anti-TNF Therapy are needed.

Methods

Consecutive IBD Patients receiving anti-TNF therapy (Infliximab (IFX) or Adalimumab (after IFX LOR) from Bern University Hospital were identified and followed prospectively. Patient whole blood was stimulated with a dose-titration of two triggers of TLR receptors human: TNF and LPS. Median fluorescence intensity of CD62L on the surface of granulocytes was quantified by surface staining with specific antibodies (CD33, CD62L) and flow cytometry and logistic curves to these data permits the calculation of EC50 or the half maximal effective concentration TNF concentration to induce shedding [1]. A shift in the concentration were CD62L shedding occurred was seen before and after the anti-TNF agent administraion which permits to predict the response to the drug. This predicted response was correlated to the clinical evolution of the patients in order to analyze the ability of this test to identify LOR to IFX.

Results

We collected prospective clinical data and blood samples, before and after anti-TNF agent administration, on 33 IBD patients, 25 Crohn's disease and 8 ulcerative colitis patients (45% females) between June 2012 and November 2013. The assay showed a functional blockade of IFX (PFR) for 22 patients (17 CD and 5 UC) whereas 11 (8 CD and 3 UC) had no functional response (NR) to IFX. Clinical characteristics (e.g. diagnosis, disease location, smoking status, BMI and number of infusions) were no significantly different between predicted PFR and NR. Among the 22 Patients with PRF, only 1 patient was a clinical non responder (LOR to IFX), based on clinical prospective evaluation by IBD gastroenterologists (PJ, AM), and among the 11 predicted NR, 3 had no clinical LOR. Sensitivity of this test was 95% and specificity 73% and AUC adjusted for age and gender was 0.81 (Figure 1).

During follow up (median 10 mo, 3–15) 8 “hard” outcomes occured (3 medic. flares, 4 resections and 1 new fistula) 2 in the PFR and 6 in the NR group (25% vs. 75%; p < 0.01). Correlation with clinical response is presented in Figure 2.

Figure 1.

Figure 2. Correlation clinical response - log EC50 changes: 1 No, 2 partial, 3 complete clinical response.

Conclusion

CD62L (L-Selectin) shedding is the first validated test of functional blockade of TNF alpha in anti-TNF treated IBD patients and will be a useful tool to guide medical decision on the use of anti-TNF agents. Comparative studies with ATI and trough level of IFX are ongoing.

1. Nicola Patuto, Emma Slack, Frank Seibold and Andrew J. Macpherson, (2011), Quantitating Anti-TNF Functionality to Inform Dosing and Choice of Therapy, Gastroenterology, 140 (5, Suppl. I), S689.