P288 Is there any value of preoperative small bowel evaluation in patients with ulcerative colitis about to undergo ileal pouch-anal anastomosis?
A. Truong*1, K. Fernandez1, K. Zaghiyan1, P. Fleshner1
1Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Colorectal Surgery, Los Angeles, USA
Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the standard operative approach to ulcerative colitis (UC) patients requiring surgery for medically refractory disease or dysplasia. Despite excellent long-term outcomes, pouchitis or
Consecutive UC patients undergoing IPAA between 2000 and 2017 were identified. SBE included endoluminal imaging via wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) or radiographic imaging via small bowel follow through (SBFT), magnetic resonance enterography (MRE), or computed tomography enterography (CTE). Abnormal preoperative imaging alone without other clinical manifestations was not sufficient for the diagnosis of CD or inflammatory bowel disease unclassified (IBDU), both of which were excluded. Adverse outcomes were assessed prospectively and included no pouchitis (NP), acute pouchitis (AP; antibiotic responsive), chronic pouchitis (CP; antibiotic dependent/resistant) or
Of the 328 study patients, 190 (58%) had preoperative SBE and 138 (42%) had no preoperative SBE. Preoperative SBE included WCE (
Figure 1. Adverse pouch outcomes by imaging result. Nml: normal, Abn: abnormal, WCE: wireless capsule endoscopy, SBFT: small bowel follow through, CT/MRE: computed tomography/magnetic resonance enterography, SBE: small bowel evaluation. All
In this largest to date prospective series investigating the value of preoperative SBE in UC, only 10% of patients had an abnormal study. Outcomes of IPAA were not significantly different between UC patients with or without preoperative SBE, nor were they different between patients with abnormal and normal preoperative SBE. Taken together, there appears to be little value in performing preoperative SBE in UC patients about to undergo IPAA.