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DOP16 An evaluation of the exposure–efficacy relationship for subcutaneous vedolizumab maintenance treatment of Crohn’s disease: Pharmacokinetic findings from VISIBLE 2

C. Chen1, M. Rosario2, D. Polhamus3, N. Dirks3, W. Zhang4, W. Sun1, K. Kisfalvi5, B. Feagan6, W. Sandborn7, S. Vermeire8, G. D’Haens9

1Takeda, Quantitative Clinical Pharmacology, Cambridge, USA, 2Takeda, Clinical Pharmacology, Deerfield, USA, 3Metrum Research Group, Tariffville, USA, 4Takeda, Statistical and Quantitative Sciences, R&D, Cambridge, USA, 5Takeda, Research and Development, Global Clinical Sciences, Cambridge, USA, 6Western University, Robarts Clinical Trials, London, Ontario, Canada, 7Division of Gastroenterology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, USA, 8Department of Gastroenterology, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium, 9Department of Gastroenterology, Amsterdam University Medical Centers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Background

The exposure–efficacy relationship and immunogenicity rates of the new vedolizumab subcutaneous (SC) formulation have been established for maintenance treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC).1 Here, we report vedolizumab SC exposure–efficacy and immunogenicity in Crohn’s disease (CD).

Methods

VISIBLE 2 (NCT02611817; EudraCT 2015-000481-58) was a pivotal, phase 3, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of vedolizumab SC (108 mg every 2 weeks) as maintenance treatment in patients with moderately to severely active CD. Following intravenous (IV) vedolizumab (300 mg Week 0 and 2) induction, patients with a clinical response at Week 6 (≥70-point decrease in CD activity index [CDAI] from Week 0) were randomised to blinded maintenance treatment and included in the analyses. Vedolizumab serum concentrations were measured prior to dosing using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Immunogenicity was assessed with a drug-tolerant electrochemiluminescence assay. Predicted vedolizumab trough concentrations at Week 52 were grouped by quartiles (Q), and Week 52 efficacy outcome rates calculated for each Q. Missing efficacy outcome data were imputed as failures. Efficacy outcomes were clinical remission (CDAI ≤150) and enhanced clinical response (≥100-point decrease in CDAI from Week 0 at Week 52).

Results

Following vedolizumab IV induction (N = 644), patients with a clinical response were randomised and received vedolizumab SC (N = 275) or placebo (N = 134) as maintenance treatment. At Week 52, patients on vedolizumab SC maintenance had a positive exposure–efficacy relationship for clinical remission (Q1: 37.7%; Q4: 50.7%) and enhanced clinical response (Q1: 37.7%; Q4: 53.6%; Figures 1 and 2). Overall, 7/275 (2.5%) patients on vedolizumab SC (following vedolizumab IV induction) developed anti-vedolizumab antibodies (AVAs): 3/7 patients were persistently AVA positive and 4/7 had neutralising antibodies. Five of 7 AVA-positive patients on vedolizumab SC did not achieve clinical remission and enhanced clinical response at Week 52; 2 of those patients were persistently AVA-positive. Immunogenicity was not associated with injection-site reactions or hypersensitivity reactions.

Conclusion

These preliminary results suggest a trend for higher vedolizumab SC serum concentrations with greater efficacy in CD, but the association was less pronounced than was reported in UC. (1) The AVA rate was similar to what was observed in prior vedolizumab IV studies. (2) In this study, vedolizumab immunogenicity appeared to be associated with clinical outcome.

References:

Sandborn WJ, et al. Gastroenterology. 2019. [Epub].

Sandborn WJ, et al. N Engl J Med. 2013;369(8):711–721.

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