P054 Modulation of the Gut Microbiota-Farnesoid X Receptor Axis Improves Deoxycholic Acid-induced Intestinal Inflammation in Mice
Xu, M.(1);Shen, Y.(1);Cen, M.(1);
(1)Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital- School of Medicine- Zhejiang University, Department of Gastroenterology, Hangzhou, China
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with gut dysbiosis and dysregulation of bile acid metabolism. A high luminal content of deoxycholic acid (DCA) with consumption of a Westernized diet is implicated in the pathogenesis of IBD. The aim of the study is to explore the role of intestinal microbiota and bile acid metabolism in mice with DCA-induced intestinal inflammation.
4-week-old wild-type C57BL mice were fed with AIN-93G (control diet), AIN-93G+0.2% DCA, AIN-93G+0.2% DCA+6 weeks of fexaramine (FXR agonist), or AIN-93G+0.2% DCA+antibiotic cocktail for 24 weeks. Histopathology, Western blotting, and qPCR were performed on the intestinal tissue. Fecal microbiota was analyzed by 16S rDNA sequencing. Fecal bile acid and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) levels were analyzed by chromatography.
Gut dysbiosis and enlarged bile acid pool were observed in DCA-treated mice, accompanied by a lower farnesoid X receptor (FXR) activity in the intestine. Administration of fexaramine mitigated DCA-induced intestinal injury, restored intestinal FXR activity, activated ﬁbroblast growth factor 15, and normalized bile acid metabolism. Furthermore, fexaramine administration increased the abundance of SCFA-producing bacteria. Depletion of the commensal microbiota with antibiotics decreased the diversity of the intestinal microbiota, attenuated bile acid synthesis, and reduced intestinal inflammation induced by DCA.
DCA induced-intestinal inflammation is associated with alterations of gut microbiota and bile acid proﬁles. Interventions targeting the gut microbiota-FXR signaling pathway may reduce DCA-induced intestinal disease.