P063 B-cell receptor signalling in lymphoid tissues may be regulated by CEACAM1

T. Nagaishi, N. Tsugawa, D. Yamada, T. Watabe, M. Onizawa, M. Watanabe

Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Gastroenterology, Tokyo, Japan


It has been recently shown that the carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1) expressed in T cells may regulate immune responses in the gut. Moreover, it has also been reported that the treatments with either an agonistic monoclonal antibody (mAb) or natural ligands for this molecule can suppress colitis severity in murine models of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). On the other hand, in addition to T cells, B cells are also an important population in the gut-associated lymphoid tissues (GALT) that orchestrate mucosal homeostasis. However, the role of CEACAM1 in B cells has not been elucidated.


We analysed primary B-cell subsets in the lymphoid tissues of wild-type C57BL6 mice as well as a murine B-cell line, A20, to determine the expressions and functions of CEACAM1.


FACS analysis of the lymphocyte subsets isolated from secondary lymphoid tissues such as spleen, mesenteric lymph nodes and Peyer’s patches of C57BL6 revealed higher expression level of CEACAM1 on B-cell surface than that of T cells. Bone marrow analysis showed that such CEACAM1 expression was increased during maturation and differentiation process of B cells. When isolated splenic B cells were stimulated with LPS, anti-CD40 or anti-μ chain Abs in the presence of agonistic anti-CEACAM1 mAb, the usual increased cytokine productions (such as IL-4 and IL-5 by activation via B cell receptor (BCR) signalling) were specifically suppressed by CEACAM1 signalling rather than B-cell activations via either TLR4 or CD40 signalling. Immunofluorescent studies using confocal microscopy revealed co-localisation of CEACAM1 and BCR when B cells were activated with anti-μ chain Ab. Given these results, A20 cells were transfected with CEACAM1 cDNA. Biochemical analysis showed that an inducible overexpression of CEACAM1 suppressed the BCR signalling in these cells when compared with that of vector alone-transfected control. Moreover, the overexpression of CEACAM1 in these cells resulted in reduced expressions of activation markers such as CD69, CD80, CD86, MHC-I and -II on the cell surface. These observations were associated with decreased Ca2+ influx and suppressed cytokine production by the overexpression of CEACAM1 after BCR signal activation.


These results suggest that CEACAM1 can regulate B-cell activation and differentiation specifically via BCR signalling in the lymphoid tissues. Therefore, this molecule can be a therapeutic target in IBD by regulating of both T-cell and B-cell activation in GALT.