P105 Glutathione S-transferase theta 1 protects against colitis through goblet cell differentiation via interleukin-22

J.H. Kim1, J.B. Ahn2, D.H. Kim1, S. Kim3, H.W. Ma1, X. Che1, D.H. Seo1, T.I. Kim1, W.H. Kim3, J.H. Cheon1, S.W. KimResearch Professor1

1Yonsei University College of Medicine, Brain Korea 21 PLUS Project for Medical Science, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 2Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 3Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine and Institute of Gastroenterology, Seoul, Republic of Korea


The enzyme glutathione S-transferase theta 1 (GSTT1) is involved in detoxifying chemicals, including reactive oxygen species (ROS). Oxidative stress plays a key role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Although mutation of the GSTT1 gene increases IBD susceptibility, the underlying mechanisms remain unexplained.


The Gstt1 gene was intrarectally or intraperitoneally delivered to mice with dextran sodium sulphate (DSS)-induced colitis. The GSTT1 gene was knocked down or knocked out using short interfering RNA or genome editing, respectively. Protein and mRNA expression and differentiation of goblet cells were evaluated.


We identified decreased expression of GSTT1 in inflamed tissues from IBD patients and mice compared with their control counterparts, respectively. We also noted attenuation of colitis through gene transfer of Gstt1 to DSS-treated mice via the interleukin-22 (IL-22) pathway. GSTT1 was differently regulated by pathogens and host immune responses. Down-regulation of GSTT1 reduced innate defence responses and goblet cell differentiation. The GSTT1 mutation in intestinal epithelial cells as well as IBD patients diminished its dimerisation, which was connected to insufficient phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 and p38/mitogen-activated protein kinase by their common activator, IL-22.


GSTT1 ameliorated IL-22 in colitis in a dependent manner and contributed as a modulator of goblet cells through sensing pathogens and host immune responses. Its mutations are linked to chronic intestinal inflammation due to its insufficient dimerisation. Our results provide new insights into GSTT1 mutations and their functional consequences in IBDs.