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P184 Disease activity in Inflammatory Bowel Disease patients is associated with increased liver fat content during follow-up

Van LingenDrs., E.(1);Tushuizen, M.(1);Steenhuis, M.(1);van Deynen, T.(1);Martens, J.(1);Diaz-Infante Morales, D.(1);van der Meulen-de Jong, A.(1);Molendijk, I.(1);van der Marel, S.(2);Maljaars, J.(1);

(1)LUMC, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Leiden, The Netherlands;(2)Haaglanden Medisch Centrum, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, The Hague, The Netherlands

Background

Increased liver steatosis is a frequently reported condition in patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). Different factors, both metabolic and IBD-associated, are believed to be contribute to the pathogenesis. The aim of our study was to calculate the prevalence of liver steatosis (LS) and fibrosis (LF) in IBD patients and evaluate which factors influence changes in steatosis and fibrosis during follow-up.

Methods

From June 2017 to February 2018, consecutive adult IBD patients were enrolled. Demographic and bio-chemical data were collected at baseline and after 6 to 12 months. The degree of LS and LF was assessed by transient elastography (Fibroscan). LS was defined as a Controlled Attenuation Parameter (CAP) ≥248, LF as a liver stiffness value (Emed) ≥7.3 kPa and IBD disease activity as C-reactive protein (CRP) ≥10 mg/l and/or fecal calprotectin (FCP) ≥150 μg/g. Changes in LS and LF were studied using ∆CAP and ∆Emed (follow-up minus baseline). An independent sample T-test was used to analyze the mean change in ∆CAP and ∆Emed. Univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses were performed, a P-value of ≤0.05 was considered significant.

Results

A total of 117 IBD patients were enrolled, of which 86 patients were also seen for follow-up. Of these 86 patients, 57% were male with a mean age of 43 (16.1) years. 48% of the patients suffered from Crohn’s disease. The mean Body Mass Index (BMI) was 25.0 (4.7) kg/m2 and 28 patients (33%) had an active episode of IBD at enrollment. The prevalence of LS at baseline was 39%, the prevalence of LF at baseline 13%. The mean change in ∆CAP was 22.44 (75.7) in patients with active disease at baseline and -34.1 (67.5) in patients in remission at baseline (p=0.001). The mean change in ∆Emed was 0.40 (1.9) in patients with active disease at baseline and -0.53 (2.7) in patients in remission at baseline (p=0.075). ). Using a multivariate analysis, disease activity at baseline (B=37, 95%CI 6.38-67.61,P=0.018) and LS at baseline (B=-0.4, 95%CI -0.64 – -0.23,P=0.000) were associated with an increase in LS during follow-up. In univariate analyses, no factors associated with LF during follow-up were found.

Conclusion

Our study reveals a high prevalence of liver steatosis and liver fibrosis in IBD patients. Active IBD at baseline was associated with an increase in liver steatosis during follow up, but not with an increase in liver fibrosis.

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