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P219 Disease-specific avoidance is a predictor for fatigue in inflammatory bowel disease patients

L. Fierens1, I. Van de Pavert2, M. Walentynowicz2, S. Coenen1,3, P. Geens3, E. Weyts3, L. Van Oudenhove1,4, J. Vlaeyen2, A. von Leupoldt2, G. Van Assche1,3, S. Vermeire1,3, M. Ferrante1,3, I. Van Diest2

1Translational Research Center for Gastrointestinal Disorders TARGID- Department of Chronic Diseases, Metabolism, and Ageing, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium, 2Health Psychology Research Group, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium, 3Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Hospitals Leuven, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium, 4Dartmouth College, Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Lab- Hanover- NH, USA

Background

A substantial group of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) experience fatigue, even while in clinical remission. At present, disease-specific behaviours that maintain or worsen symptom burden including fatigue have not been explored. We developed a questionnaire evaluating IBD-specific avoidance behaviour and investigated how this relates to self-reported fatigue.

Methods

This study was a close collaboration between the psychology and gastroenterology department of our tertiary referral centre. A 72-item IBD-specific avoidance behaviour questionnaire (IBD-B) was generated based on literature review and input from clinicians and a patient focus group (n = 10). Between July 2018 and March 2019, 500 consecutive IBD patients were included at our infusion unit (wave 1) (participation rate 79%, 48% male, 66% Crohn’s disease (CD), median age 40). Patients completed the 72-item IBD-B, a demographic questionnaire, patient-reported outcome assessing disease activity (PRO2) and a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for fatigue. Test–retest reliability was assessed in 89 patients (54% male, 70% CD, median age of 40) who completed the IBD-B, PRO2 and VAS fatigue scale a second time after 4–12 weeks (wave 2). Clinical remission was defined as an abdominal pain score ≤1 and a liquid to very soft stool frequency ≤1.5 in CD patients and as no rectal bleeding and a stool frequency ≤1 in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). A principal component analysis (PCA) was then used to reduce the number of items and investigate the underlying factor structure of the IBD-B. The predictive value of IBD-specific behaviours for fatigue was finally investigated both cross-sectionally and prospectively.

Results

At wave 1, 46% and 69% of CD and UC patients, respectively, were in clinical remission. PCA suggested a reduction of the 72-item to a final 25-item IBD-B and a seven-factor solution for use in clinical practice (loading factors >0.5, Table 1). The final 25-item IBD-B showed good psychometric properties. The median (IQR) total IBD-B and fatigue scores were, respectively, 29 (40-20) and 52 (77-25) for patients in clinical remission compared with 38 (48-28) and 74 (87-50) for patients not in clinical remission (both p < 0.01). Both cross-sectional and prospective significant correlations between IBD-B factors and fatigue were demonstrated (Table 2).

Conclusion

The IBD-B is a valuable tool to accurately measure IBD-specific avoidance behaviour in IBD patients. IBD patients without clinical remission report higher IBD-B values and show a higher correlation between avoidance behaviour and fatigue. Further research should now focus on identifying predictors for fatigue in IBD patients in clinical remission.