P248 Assessment of health-related quality of life of paediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease patients through the IMPACT-III questionnaire
Vázquez Gómez, J.A.(1);Velasco Rodríguez-Belvís, M.(1);Palomino Pérez, L.M.(1);Sánchez Llorente, P.(1);Aguilar Ladrón de Guevara, C.(1);Muñoz Codoceo, R.A.(1);
(1)Hospital Infantil Universitario Niño Jesús, Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Madrid, Spain
Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a multi-dimensional concept used to examine the impact of health status on their global well-being. The IMPACT-III is a 35-item questionnaire specifically designed to evaluate the quality of life of patients with paediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease (pIBD). This questionnaire had its origin in 1999 in Canada (Otley et al.) and, since then, it has been adapted to many languages.
The objective of this study was to assess the quality of life of pIBD patients using the IMPACT-III questionnaire and to identify specific needs according to the patient's profile.
An observational, descriptive, and retrospective study was carried out in November 2020, including the pIBD patients undergoing follow-up in a tertiary hospital that have previously completed the IMPACT-III questionnaire. Epidemiological and clinical data were anonymously retrieved from the electronic medical records. We established three blocks of IMPACT-III items according to physical, emotional and social well-being, or to the perception of body image. The results of each block and totals were compared according to gender, age, diagnosis, time of evolution, activity and treatment.
To make the comparison, the Mann-Whitney U test for independent samples for 2 groups and the Kruskal-Wallis test for 3 or more independent groups were used. The statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software and the results were considered statistically significant when reaching a bilateral critical level (p) ≤ 0.05, with a 95% confidence interval.
We included a total of 40 patients. There were no significant differences according to gender, type of IBD or type of treatment. The group of adolescents obtained a higher score in the body image block (p = 0.009). Patients with over two years of evolution of the disease obtained statistically significantly higher scores in the physical well-being block (p = 0.027). In patients who filled out the questionnaire during a flare, the scores on questions of physical well-being (p = 0.007), emotional and social (p = 0.037), as well as total (p = 0.012) were significantly higher. Overall, 31 patients (77.5%) answered that IBD had negatively affected their family.
Our data suggest that patients with a longer evolution time, adolescents and patients suffering an active flare seem to report a worst HRQOL. Patients with the mentioned characteristics constitute a vulnerable population with special care needs that should be addressed from an interdisciplinary point of view. Despite the limitations of the retrospective design and the scarce number of patients, our results indicate that family-centered care should be a priority.