P268 Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis Complications and Pouch Failure: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Heuthorst, L.(1);Wasmann, K.(1);Reijntjes, M.(1);Hompes, R.(1);Buskens, C.(1);Bemelman, W.(1);
(1)Amsterdam UMC- location AMC, Surgery, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Previous studies demonstrated wide variation in postoperative complication rates following ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA). This systematic review aims to assess the incidence of pouch failure and the correlation between IPAA-related complications and pouch failure.
A systematic review was performed by searching the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases for studies reporting on pouch failure published from 1 January 2010 to 6 May 2020. A meta-analysis was performed using a random effects model. The relationship between pouch-related complications and pouch failure was assessed using Spearman’s correlations.
Thirty studies comprising 22,978 patients were included. Included studies contained heterogenic patient populations, different procedural stages, varying definitions for IPAA-related complications, and different follow-up periods. The pooled pouch failure rate was 7.7% (95%CI5.56–10.59) and 10.3% (95%CI7.24–14.30) for studies with a median follow-up of ≥5 years and ≥10 years, respectively. Observed IPAA-related complications were anastomotic leakage (1–17%), pelvic sepsis (2–18%), fistula (1–30%), stricture (1–34%), pouchitis (11–61%) and Crohn’s disease of the pouch (0–18%). Pelvic sepsis (r=0.51, p<0.05) and fistula (r=0.63, p<0.01) were correlated with pouch failure. A sensitivity analysis including studies with a median follow-up of ≥5 years indicated that only fistula was significantly correlated with pouch failure (r=0.77, p<0.01).
Long-term pouch failure was correlated with fistula, suggesting that early septic complications may result in fistula formation during long-term follow-up, leading to increased risk of pouch failure. Pouch survival may be improved through standardized assessment of anastomotic integrity for early identification and adequate management of anastomotic leaks.