Search

P268 Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis Complications and Pouch Failure: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Heuthorst, L.(1);Wasmann, K.(1);Reijntjes, M.(1);Hompes, R.(1);Buskens, C.(1);Bemelman, W.(1);

(1)Amsterdam UMC- location AMC, Surgery, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Background

Previous studies demonstrated wide variation in postoperative complication rates following ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA). This systematic review aims to assess the incidence of pouch failure and the correlation between IPAA-related complications and pouch failure.

Methods

A systematic review was performed by searching the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases for studies reporting on pouch failure published from 1 January 2010 to 6 May 2020. A meta-analysis was performed using a random effects model. The relationship between pouch-related complications and pouch failure was assessed using Spearman’s correlations.

Results

Thirty studies comprising 22,978 patients were included. Included studies contained heterogenic patient populations, different procedural stages, varying definitions for IPAA-related complications, and different follow-up periods. The pooled pouch failure rate was 7.7% (95%CI5.56–10.59) and 10.3% (95%CI7.24–14.30) for studies with a median follow-up of ≥5 years and ≥10 years, respectively. Observed IPAA-related complications were anastomotic leakage (1–17%), pelvic sepsis (2–18%), fistula (1–30%), stricture (1–34%), pouchitis (11–61%) and Crohn’s disease of the pouch (0–18%). Pelvic sepsis (r=0.51, p<0.05) and fistula (r=0.63, p<0.01) were correlated with pouch failure. A sensitivity analysis including studies with a median follow-up of ≥5 years indicated that only fistula was significantly correlated with pouch failure (r=0.77, p<0.01).

Conclusion

Long-term pouch failure was correlated with fistula, suggesting that early septic complications may result in fistula formation during long-term follow-up, leading to increased risk of pouch failure. Pouch survival may be improved through standardized assessment of anastomotic integrity for early identification and adequate management of anastomotic leaks.

Portal