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P362 Longitudinal antibody response to SARS-CoV-2 infection and antibody responses to COVID-19 vaccination in Inflammatory Bowel Disease patients receiving biologics

Wong, S.Y.(1);Dixon, R.(1);Gold, S.(1);Vicky, M.(1);Helmus, D.(1);Cadwell, K.(2);Colombel, J.F.(1);

(1)Mount Sinai Hospital, Internal Medicine/Division of Gastroenterology, New York, United States;(2)NYU School of Medicine, Microbiology and Medicine/Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, New York, United States; CiTI Study Group

Background

Given that IBD patients were excluded from COVID-19 vaccine trials, there is a lack of vaccine efficacy data in this population. In this study, we evaluated longitudinal serological responses to SARS-CoV-2 infection as well as to COVID-19 vaccination in IBD patients.

Methods

We collected clinical data and sera from IBD patients enrolled in an observational SARS-CoV-2 sero-surveillance study at our large hospital center in New York City during routine infusions and clinic visits. To distinguish between infection and vaccination, sera was collected prior to vaccination where possible, and all sera was tested for both antibodies to SARS-CoV-2-specific RBD, the target of current available vaccines in the U.S., and nucleocapsid proteins.

Results

Our results reveal waning antibody titres in 13 of 16 (81%) patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 over a course of 6-7 months. Of 48 vaccinated patients, 16 patients completed vaccine schedules with two doses, and all 16 (100%) achieved seroconversion above the threshold required for convalescent plasma donation.

Conclusion

While antibody responses to infection in IBD patients have questionable stability, completion of the COVID-19 vaccine series in IBD patients results in robust serological responses. To our knowledge is the first data confirming adequate serological responses to COVID-19 vaccination in IBD patients with and without biologic medications. Studies are needed to assess adequacy of dosing schedules, medication effects, measurement of cell-mediated responses, durability of immune responses, and clinical efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines in IBD patients.

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