P397 Advanced therapy persistence and need for dose optimisation in a cohort of Inflammatory Bowel Disease patients in Argentina: a real-world evidence multicenter study (REMAR study)
Lasa, J.(1)*;Nazario, E.(2);Zubiaurre, I.(2);Rausch, A.(2);Hermida, R.(3);Cassella, F.(4);Marzullo, S.(4);Suarez Pellegrino, A.(5);Deborah, B.(5);Toro, M.(5);Novillo, A.(6);Omodeo, J.(6);Tirado, P.(7);Bellicoso, M.(7);Olivera, P.(8);Balderramo, D.(9);Torello, R.(9);Chiaraviglio, L.(9);Scacchi, A.(3);Linares, M.(10);Gonzalez, R.(11);Bentolila, F.(11);Lubrano, P.(12);Quintero, O.(10);De Paula, J.(13);Gonzalez Sueyro, R.(13);Sanchez, B.(13);Fuxman, C.(14);Velazquez , A.(15);
(1)CEMIC, Gastroenterology, Buenos Aires, Argentina;(2)Hospital Británico, Gastroenterology, Buenos Aires, Argentina;(3)Hospital Churruca Visca, Gastroenterology, Buenos Aires, Argentina;(4)Sanatorio Guemes, Gastroenterology, Buenos Aires, Argentina;(5)HIGEA, Gastroenterology, Mendoza, Argentina;(6)Sanatorio 9 de Julio, Gastroenterology, San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina;(7)Inmunología Buenos Aires, Gastroenterology, Buenos Aires, Argentina;(8)Zane Cohen Centre for Digestive Diseases- Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute- Sinai Health System, Gastroenterology, Toronto, Canada;(9)Hospital Privado, Gastroenterology, Córdoba, Argentina;(10)Hospital de Clínicas, Gastroenterology, Buenos Aires, Argentina;(11)Hospital Alemán, Gastroenterology, Buenos Aires, Argentina;(12)Sanatorio Mater Dei, Gastroenterology, Buenos Aires, Argentina;(13)Hospital Italiano, Gastroenterology, Buenos Aires, Argentina;(14)Hospital Universitario Fundación Favaloro, Gastroenterology, Buenos Aires, Argentina;(15)Hospital Universitari Fundación Favaloro, Gastroenterology, Buenos Aires, Argentina;
Treatment persistence, as well as time to dose optimisation, can be a proxy for a drug’s real-world therapeutic benefit. We sought to describe treatment persistence of biologics or small molecules in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients and need for optimisation in patients with IBD in Argentina and their potential predictors.
A retrospective cohort study involving 13 hospitals from Argentina was undertaken. Adult patients with a diagnosis of Crohn’s disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) who received therapy with a biologic or a small molecule were included. Initiation date was registered for every therapy each patient received; in addition, treatment finalization as well as need for optimisation were registered. Treatment persistence was defined as the time between treatment initiation and treatment finalization, or as time between treatment initiation and last follow-up if patient continued with the treatment. Time to optimisation was defined as the time between treatment initiation and treatment dose optimisation. In patients that received more than one type of advanced therapy, treatment persistence and need for optimisation was analyzed separately for each treatment received. Kaplan-Meier analysis as well as Cox regression model were used to determine predictors of treatment persistence and need for optimisation.
A total of 403 patients were included; 55.28% had a diagnosis of UC, mean age was 44.57±16 and 47.71% were male. Median time of follow-up was 80 months [IQR 41-152]. Adalimumab was the most frequently used biologic as a first-line treatment for CD and UC (59.78% and 51.39%, respectively), whereas ustekinumab and vedolizumab were the most frequently used agents for CD and UC patients previously exposed to biologics, respectively (41.42% and 36.73%). Median treatment persistence duration was 68 months [IQR 22-146]. History of steroid-dependency [HR 2.87 (1.02-8.12)], CD [0.42 (0.22-0.78]), prior biologic exposure [HR 2.25 (1-5.06)], dose optimisation [HR 2.93 (1.36-6.33)] and need for systemic steroids 6 months from treatment initiation [HR 4.98 (1.57-15.75)] were significant predictors of shorter treatment persistence. Median time to optimisation was 34 months [IQR 9-132]. CD [0.81 (0.55-0.94)], moderate-to-severe endoscopic activity [HR 1.91 (1-3.95)], prior biologic exposure [HR 2.29 (1.27-4.14)] and biologic initiation after 2017 [2.06 (1.09-3.55)] were significant predictors of need for dose optimisation.
A considerable proportion of IBD patients required dose optimisation or treatment finalization. Lower treatment persistence and time for dose optimisation were observed in UC patients and other factors were identified.