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P424 Treatment persistence of first-line anti-TNF therapy in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases: results from a real-world study over 20 years

Blesl, A.(1);Binder, L.(1);Högenauer, C.(1);Wenzl, H.(1);Borenich, A.(2);Pregartner, G.(2);Berghold, A.(2);Mestel, S.(1);Kump, P.(1);Baumann-Durchschein, F.(1);Petritsch, W.(1);

(1)Medical University of Graz, Division of Gastroenterology und Hepatology, Graz, Austria;(2)Medical University of Graz, Institute for Medical Informatics- Statistics and Documentation, Graz, Austria

Background

Anti-TNF therapy is still the most frequently used first-line biologic treatment in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study aimed to determine length of treatment persistence and to describe reasons for discontinuation of first-line anti-TNF therapy used in the standard care of IBD patients.

Methods

A single-center, real-world, retrospective study including IBD patients (Crohn`s disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC), IBD unclassified (IBD-U)), who received an anti-TNF therapy in the last 20 years at the study center, was conducted. Length of first-line anti-TNF therapy, differences in treatment duration between infliximab (IFX) and adalimumab (ADA) and between CD and UC, reasons for discontinuation, side effects leading to cessation, treatment following first-line anti-TNF therapy, rates of surgery and death, and factors being associated with treatment failure were assessed.

Results

586 patients were identified as having received first-line anti-TNF therapy at the study center. 48 patients were excluded due to shortness of available data. 538 patients (CD: 367, UC: 147, IBD-U: 24) with a median follow-up of 8.1 years were included in the analysis. Median (IQR) treatment persistence was 21.0 (6.0, 57.0) months in the total cohort. Treatment withdrawal arose frequently (40%) within the first year of therapy and treatment persistence was longer in CD compared to UC (CD: 27.0 (8.0, 71.0) months, UC: 11.0 (3.0, 34) months, p<0.001). Treatment failure (51%) and side effects (24%) were the most commonly noticed reasons for withdrawal from therapy. 14% withdrew from therapy due to remission. The diagnosis of UC, female sex, the absence of prior intestinal resections, lower hemoglobin and albumin levels at anti-TNF initiation predicted treatment failure. Patients with CD continued ADA treatment longer than IFX treatment (ADA: (40.5 (14.2, 80.5) months, IFX: 18.0 (4.8, 65.0) months, p<0.001). Within the follow-up period, 17% of UC patients underwent colectomy and 34% of CD patients had at least one intestinal resection after start of first-line anti-TNF therapy. 2% of all patients died due to various reasons.

Conclusion

Treatment persistence of first-line anti-TNF therapy is limited in IBD patients due to a large proportion of treatment failures and side effects.

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