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P429 Continued postoperative use of biologics for the prevention of recurrence of Crohn’s disease

Yu, J.(1);Hyun, H.K.(1);Park, J.(1);Kang, E.A.(1);Park, S.J.(1);Park, J.J.(1);Kim, T.I.(1);Kim, W.H.(1);Cheon, J.H.(1);

(1)Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine and Institute of Gastroenterology, Seoul, Korea- Republic Of

Background

Many patients with Crohn’s disease undergo major abdominal surgery during the disease course. Despite surgery, postoperative recurrence (POR) commonly occurs. Although postoperative use of biologic agents is known to be effective in preventing POR, few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of continuing the same biologic agents postoperatively in patients who received biologic agents preoperatively.

Methods

This retrospective observational study was performed in a single tertiary medical center. We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent the first major abdominal surgery due to Crohn’s disease and divided them into two groups: biologics users both in the preoperative and postoperative periods and biologics users only in the preoperative period. We compared data between the groups according to endoscopic, clinical, and surgical recurrences.

Results

In total, 49 patients who used biologic agents preoperatively were recruited. Among them, biologics were used postoperatively in 24 patients (49.0%, Figure 1). Baseline characteristics except the median age and age at diagnosis were similar in both groups. Kaplan–Meier analysis revealed that the cumulative clinical recurrence rate was significantly lower in the postoperative biologics group (log-rank 0.012, Figure 2). On multivariate Cox regression analysis, postoperative biologics use was significantly associated with a decreased risk of clinical recurrence (adjusted hazard ratio 0.160, 95% confidence interval 0.037–0.692, p = 0.014).




Conclusion

Continuing biologics use postoperatively in patients who were receiving biologics preoperatively significantly reduced the rate of clinical recurrence. For patients with Crohn’s disease who were receiving biologic agents before surgery, continuing their use after surgery is recommended.

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