P440 Prevalence of NUDT15 polymorphisms and incidence of thiopurine-induced leukopenia in Inflammatory Bowel Disease patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Yu, N.(1);Sriranganathan, D.(2);Walker, G.J.(3);Sazonovs, A.(4);Wilding, H.(5);Kennedy, N.A.(6,7);Ahmad, T.(6,7);Boyapati, R.K.(8,9);Segal, J.P.(10,11);Ding, N.J.S.(1,11)*;

(1)St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, Gastroenterology, Melbourne, Australia;(2)Whipps Cross University Hospital, Gastroenterology, London, United Kingdom;(3)Torbay and South Devon NHS Foundation Trust, Gastroenterology, Torquay, United Kingdom;(4)Wellcome Sanger Institute, Genomics of Inflammation and Immunity Group, Hinxton, United Kingdom;(5)St Vincent’s Hospital Melbourne, Library Service, Melbourne, Australia;(6)Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Gastroenterology, Exeter, United Kingdom;(7)University of Exeter, Exeter Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Pharmacogenetics Research Group, Exeter, United Kingdom;(8)Monash Health, Gastroenterology, Melbourne, Australia;(9)Monash University, Medicine, Melbourne, Australia;(10)Northern Hospital, Gastroenterology, Melbourne, Australia;(11)The University of Melbourne, Medicine, Melbourne, Australia;


Nudix hydrolase 15 (NUDT15) genetic polymorphisms confer an increased risk of thiopurine-induced myelosuppression (TIM). Thiopurines continue to be widely used as maintenance therapy for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in patients worldwide. However, the global prevalence of NUDT15 variants and incidence of TIM in IBD remains unclear. We aimed to evaluate the global prevalence of NUDT15 polymorphisms in IBD patients and incidence of thiopurine-induced leukopenia in patients with these polymorphisms.


We searched Medline, Embase, Emcare, CINAHL, APA PsycInfo and the Cochrane Library databases from inception until 7 July 2022. Full-text articles and conference abstracts reporting the frequency of any NUDT15 polymorphism and/or frequency of leukopenia in adult IBD patients with these variants, were included. Studies that examined paediatric populations or mixed disease populations, or reported duplicate data, were excluded. A random effects model was performed to estimate the pooled prevalence of NUDT15 variants, pooled prevalence of early (≤8 weeks) and late (>8 weeks) leukopenia and relative risk (RR) of developing leukopenia.


20 studies comprising 5232 IBD patients were included. The pooled prevalence of the *1/*1 wild type genotype was 83% (95% CI: 0.78-0.88). The pooled prevalence of the *1/*3 c.415C>T C/T variant was 13% (95% CI: 0.10-0.18), *3/*3 c.415C>T T/T variant was 2% (95% CI: 0.01-0.02), *1/*5 c.52G>A G/A variant was 2% (95% CI: 0.01-0.03) and *1/*6 c.36_37insGGAGTC ins/- variant was 7% (95% CI: 0.04-0.12). Subgroup analyses showed a higher pooled prevalence of the *1/*3 c.415C>T C/T variant in Japanese (20%, 95% CI: 0.16-0.24) and Chinese patients (18%, 95% CI: 0.12-0.27). Patients with the *1/*3 c.415C>T C/T variant had a RR of 4.12 (95% CI: 2.87-5.91) of developing leukopenia relative to the *1/*1 genotype, and the pooled prevalence of early leukopenia was 20% (95% CI: 0.16-0.26) and late leukopenia was 36% (95% CI: 0.26-0.49). Patients with the *3/*3 c.415C>T T/T variant had a RR of 9.38 (95% CI: 5.17-17.01) of developing leukopenia relative to the *1/*1 genotype, and the pooled prevalence of early leukopenia was 99% (95% CI: 0.07-1.00). The pooled prevalence of early leukopenia was 49% (95% CI: 0.29-0.69) in patients with the *1/*6 c.36_37insGGAGTC ins/- variant.


NUDT15 polymorphisms are common in IBD patients and strongly predict thiopurine-induced leukopenia. The most common variant was the *1/*3 c.415C>T C/T variant and the *3/*3 c.415C>T T/T variant was associated with the highest risk of leukopenia. Pre-treatment genotyping for NUDT15 variants should be considered particularly in Asian populations, to guide individualised thiopurine dosing and avoid myelotoxicity.