P454 No increased postoperative risk of venous thromboembolism nor infectious complications after JAK inhibitor exposure in patients with ulcerative colitis undergoing colectomy
De Greef, I.(1)*;Bislenghi, G.(2);Terrasson, I.(2);Sabino, J.(1);Ferrante, M.(1);D'Hoore, A.(2);Vermeire, S.(1);Verstockt, B.(1);
(1)KU Leuven, Department of Chronic Diseases- Metabolism and Ageing CHROMETA, Leuven, Belgium;(2)University hospitals Leuven, Department of Abdominal Surgery, Leuven, Belgium;
Total colectomy for ulcerative colitis (UC) is associated with postoperative morbidity, including venous thromboembolism (VTE), in patients who already have a 2 to 4-fold risk for thromboembolic events. In light of recent concerns on increased major adverse events associated with JAK inhibitor exposure, we aimed to evaluate the postoperative VTE risk as well as other (non)infectious complications in UC patients undergoing colectomy after JAK inhibitor use.
This retrospective cohort study included all UC patients who underwent colectomy between 2013 and 2021 in our tertiary IBD center, and documented the 180-day postoperative non-infectious and infectious risks (table 1). Clinically relevant information included patient demographics, comorbidities, family history of IBD, personal history of VTE, intake of oral anticonception, smoking behaviour, disease characteristics including indication for colectomy, preoperative serum laboratory values, perioperative drug exposure (table 2) and surgical characteristics including low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH) prophylaxis (table 3).
One-hundred seventy-nine UC patients (43.6% women, median [IQR] age 42.0 [28.5 – 56.2] years) underwent colectomy due to refractory disease (n=154) or suspected dysplasia or carcinoma (n=25). Forty-nine patients (27.4%) were operated urgently. In the twelve weeks prior to surgery, 55 (30.7%) patients had received anti-TNF agents, 40 (22.3%) anti-adhesion therapy, 16 (8.9%) anti-IL12/23, 2 (1.1%) investigational agents and 36 (20.1%) JAK inhibitors. Preoperatively, 27 patients (15.1%) were administered a moderate to high dose of systemic corticosteroids. All patients received antithrombotic prophylactic LMWH postoperatively, except for two patients who developed a gastrointestinal bleeding. During the 180-day postoperative period, a total of 3 patients (1.7%; mean age 51 years, 1 female) developed an intra-abdominal thrombosis, found by coincidence on CT scan. In all patients risk factors were identified, e.g. inflammatory state, cancer, high dose of corticosteroids. No VTE was seen in the patients who underwent colectomy while on JAK inhibitor. Only two out of 36 JAK inhibitor treated patients (5.6%) developed an infectious complication, while the overall risk of developing an infectious complication was 19.5%.
The overall risk for UC patients to develop VTE after colectomy is low with adequate antithrombotic prophylactic therapy. We did not observe any VTE in patients who were exposed to JAK inhibitors prior to surgery, nor did we see an increased risk on short-term infectious complications in this patient group. All patients who developed VTE despite LMWH had additional risk factors.