P495 Perianal fistula closure in patients receiving ustekinumab: Results from the SEAVUE and STARDUST trials
Peyrin-Biroulet, L.(1);Panaccione, R.(2);Gasink, C.(3);Hoops, T.(3);Izanec, J.L.(3);Ma, T.(4);Nazar, M.(5);Bravata, I.(6);Lahaye, M.(7);Irving, P.M.(8);Loftus, E.V.(9);Danese, S.(10);Sands, B.E.(11);
(1)Nancy University Hospital, Gastroenterology, Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France;(2)University of Calgary, Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Calgary- Alberta, Canada;(3)Janssen, Immunology, Horsham, United States;(4)Janssen, Biostatistics, Horsham, United States;(5)Janssen, Immunology, Warsaw, Poland;(6)Janssen, Immunology, Milan, Italy;(7)Janssen, Biostatistics, Breda, The Netherlands;(8)Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, Gastroenterology, London, United Kingdom;(9)Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Minnesota, United States;(10)Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Gastroenterology and Endoscopy, Milan, Italy;(11)Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Dr. Henry D. Janowitz Division of Gastroenterology, New York, United States;
Perianal fistulas are common and cause significant quality of life impairment in patients (pts) with Crohn’s disease (CD). In previous phase 2/3 studies, ustekinumab (UST) showed some evidence of efficacy on fistula resolution, with no clear dose-response relationship. Additional studies are needed to evaluate the role of UST in perianal fistula treatment. Here, we report fistula data from two recent studies of UST in CD, SEAVUE and STARDUST.
In SEAVUE, biologic-naïve pts with moderate-to-severe CD were randomized to receive blinded UST (⁓6mg/kg IV at baseline then 90mg SC q8w) or adalimumab (ADA; 160/80mg SC at baseline/W2, then 40mg SC q2w). In STARDUST, biologic-naïve and biologic-failure pts with moderate-to-severe CD received open-label UST ⁓6mg/kg IV at baseline and UST 90mg SC at W8. At W16, pts were randomized to maintenance treatment under standard of care (90mg SC q12w or q8w) or treat-to-target (90mg SC q12w or q8w with potential adjustment to q4w) regimens. In both trials, the number of open and draining perianal fistulas was evaluated at baseline and the end of maintenance (SEAVUE W52, STARDUST W48). Fistula resolution was defined as closure of all fistulas. Pts with missing data at W52/W48 were considered to not have been in fistula resolution. In SEAVUE, pts who had a prohibited CD-related surgery, discontinued for lack of efficacy or an adverse event of worsening CD, or had prohibited concomitant medication changes before W52 were considered not to be in fistula resolution.
In SEAVUE, 7 of 13 pts (53.8%) with active perianal fistulas at baseline in the UST group had complete fistula resolution at W52, and 6 of 16 patients (37.5%) in the ADA group had fistula resolution. In STARDUST, 9 of 19 pts (47.4%) with active perianal fistulas at baseline had complete fistula resolution at W48. Of the 9 pts in fistula resolution, 2 were receiving q12w at W48, 6 were receiving q8w, and 1 was receiving q4w. Of the 10 pts without fistula resolution, 2 were receiving q12w at W48, 3 were receiving q8w, 1 was receiving q4w and 4 discontinued before W48. In both studies, among pts with evaluable samples for pharmacokinetic analysis, fistula closure at W52/48 was not associated with higher serum drug concentrations at either the early time point of W16 or at the end of maintenance (Figure). This result was consistent for UST in both studies as well as ADA in SEAVUE.
Of pts with perianal fistulas at baseline in SEAVUE and STARDUST who received UST (32 pts in total), half were in fistula resolution after ~1 year of maintenance treatment. No relationship was observed between fistula resolution and serum drug concentrations, but no definite conclusions can be drawn given the relatively small sample size.