P565 Illness perception as a clinical tool to detect mood disturbances (anxiety or depression) in inflammatory bowel disease patients.
De Castro Parga, M.L.(1,2);Pereyra, D.(1);Sanromán, L.(1);Figueira, M.(1);Hernández, V.(1);Pineda, J.(1);Martinez-Cadilla, J.(1);Pereira, S.(1);Rodriguez-Prada, J.I.(1);
(1)University Hospital Complex of Vigo, Department of Gastroenterology, Vigo, Spain;(2)Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Galicia Sur IIS Galicia Sur., Sergas, Vigo, Spain
In patients suffering from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a prevalence of anxiety and/or depression of 30-35% has been reported in phases of clinical inactivity, reaching up to 60-80% in the flare-ups. Moreover, the presence of psychological comorbidity is now considered to complicate the course of IBD. Our aim was to evaluate the relationship between mood disturbances and individual illness perception.
Patients attending our tertiary hospital IBD outpatient clinic were enrolled. They filled the “Hospital anxiety and depression scale” (HADS) and the “Brief illness perception questionnaire” (BIPQ). Sociodemographic characteristics, phenotype and clinical course of IBD were reviewed as well. Ethical approval of the study was obtained.
A total of 201 patients were analyzed: male 102 (50.7%) female 99 (47.3%), UC 113 (56.2%), CD 88 (43.8%). The HADS prevalence of psychological pathology was 24%, (22% anxiety, 6.9% depression), and 17% patients previously were on mood medications. There were no differences between CU and EC, although EC patients tended to show more anxiety. Women had a higher prevalence of anxiety (29% vs 15.6%) and depression (9.6% vs 4.7%) than men (p=0.03 and p=0.009). Anxiety was also associated with previous IBD hospitalization (p=0.005), and depression with living alone (p=0.007). The BIPQ dimensions: consequences, concern and emotional response were statistically associated with the presence of psychological pathology, anxiety and depression (p=0.0005 each).
Mood disturbances are frequently found in IBD patients, especially among females. A negative individual illness perception of the consequences and emotions related to IBD seems to correlated strongly with the presence of anxiety and/ or depression in these patients.