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P584 Efficacy, safety, and tolerability of AMT-101, a gut selective oral IL-10 fusion, in the Phase 2 FILLMORE trial of patients with chronic pouchitis

Jairath, V.(1)*;Bressler , B.(2);Silverberg , M.S.(3);Lee, L.Y.(4);Lugo, K.A.(4);Mayoral Monibas, R.(4);Annamalai, T.(4);Whitney, J.A.(4);Weng, E.Y.(4);Kanwar, B.(4);Danese , S.(5);Feagan, B.(1);

(1)Western University, Division of Gastroenterology, London- Ontario, Canada;(2)University of British Columbia, Division of Gastroenterology, Vancouver, Canada;(3)Mount Sinai Hospital- University of Toronto, Division of Gastroenterology, Toronto, Canada;(4)Applied Molecular Transport, Applied Molecular Transport, South San Francisco, United States;(5)University Vita-Salute San Raffaele, Division of Gastroenterology, Milan, Italy;

Background

Chronic pouchitis can occur in up to half of patients within 10 years of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) after proctocolectomy for ulcerative colitis (UC). There is a large unmet need for medical treatments.

Methods

This was a phase 2, randomized double-blind, parallel-group, 2 active-arm trial of the combined phase 2/3 trial in adults (18-75 years) with a prior history of UC with proctocolectomy and subsequent IPAA, who presented with chronic or recurrent pouchitis. The trial was conducted in US, Canada, and Western Europe. Approximately 20 patients were planned to be randomized 1:1 to either 3 mg or 10 mg AMT-101 doses administered once daily, orally, for 12 weeks. The key efficacy endpoints were: 1) the proportion of patients with symptomatic improvement, as measured by stool frequency response, and 2) the proportion of patients with histologic healing, as measured by Geboes scores. Histology and endoscopy were centrally read.

Results

22 patients were randomized to receive AMT-101 3 mg (n=10) or 10 mg (n=12). The mean (SD) baseline absolute stool frequency was 13.4 (4.5). Overall, 36.4% (8/22) of patients achieved stool frequency response, defined as either a reduction of ≥ 3 stools and a ≥ 30% reduction in number of stools from baseline, or a return to post-IPAA number of stools or lower, at Week 12. 40% (4/10) and 33% (4/12) of patients dosed with 3 mg or 10 mg, respectively, achieved stool frequency response at Week 12. Rapidity of stool frequency response was demonstrated as early as Week 2 in both arms and was substantially maintained through Week 12.

Patients had a median (IQR) baseline Geboes score of 5.1 (3.2 to 5.2), representing severe pouchitis with ulceration and tissue destruction. Across both arms, 22.7% (5/22) [20.0% (3 mg) and 25.0% (10 mg)] of patients met the histologic healing response of Geboes score ≤ 3.1, an objective assessment of disease improvement. Endoscopic assessments (SES-CD, ≥50% reduction) were also performed, with modest improvements [10% (3 mg) and 8.3% (10 mg)] at Week 12.

There was no systemic AMT-101 PK (by design) nor anti-drug antibodies detected. Translational analysis revealed IL-10 biological responses in both arms. In tissue, IHC results showed increases in anti-inflammatory FOXP3+ (Tregs) and CD163+ (M2-macrophages) cells in the lamina propria.

Treatment emergent adverse events were mostly mild to moderate, with only one treatment-unrelated serious adverse event.

Conclusion

AMT-101 3 mg and 10 mg both appeared to be safe and generally well tolerated. PK and translational data confirmed AMT-101’s gut-restricted profile over the 12-week treatment with tissue-level PD effects and no systemic exposure. The AMT-101 3 mg dose is advancing into a Phase 3 trial for chronic pouchitis.