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P608 Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and immunosuppression do not worsen the prognosis of COVID-19. Results from the ENEIDA Project of GETECCU

Zabana Abdo, Y.(1,2);Marín-Jiménez, I.(3);Rodríguez-Lago, I.(4);Ramírez Esteso, F.(5);Meijilde, S.(6);Ramos, L.(7);Gomollón, F.(2,8);Muñoz, F.(9);Suris, G.(10);Ortiz de Zárate, J.(11);Huguet, J.M.(12);Llaó, J.(13);García-Sepulcre, M.(14);Sierra, M.(15);Durà, M.(16);Estrecha, S.(17);Fuentes Coronel, A.(18);Hinojosa, E.(19);Olivan, L.(20);Iglesias, E.(21);Gutiérrez, A.(2,22);Varela, P.(23);Rull, N.(24);Gilabert, P.(25);Hernández-Camba, A.(26);Brotons, A.(27);Ginard, D.(28);Sesé, E.(29);Carpio, D.(30);Aceituno, M.(1,2);Cabriada, J.L.(4);González-Lama, Y.(31);Jiménez, L.(32);Chaparro, M.(2,33);López-San Román, A.(34);Alba, C.(35);Plaza-Santos, R.(36);Piqueras, M.(37);Domènech, E.(2,38);Esteve, M.(1,2);

(1)Hospital Universitari Mútua de Terrassa, Gastroenterology Department- Inflammatory Bowel Disease Unit, Terrassa, Spain;(2)Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas CIBEREehd, CIBERehd, Madrid, Spain;(3)Hospital Gregorio Marañón, Gastroenterology Department, Madrid, Spain;(4)Hospital de Galdakao, Gastroenterology Department, Bilbao, Spain;(5)Hospital General Universitario de Ciudad Real, Gastroenterology Department, Ciudad Real, Spain;(6)Hospital Universitario de Cruces, Gastroenterology Department, Baracaldo, Spain;(7)Hospital Universitario de Canarias, Gastroenterology Department, Gran Canaria, Spain;(8)Hospital Clínico Universitario "Lozano Blesa" e IIS Aragón, Gastroenterology Department, Zaragoza, Spain;(9)Hospital Universitario de Salamanca, Gastroenterology Department, Salamanca, Spain;(10)Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, Gastroenterology Department, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain;(11)Hospital Universitario de Basurto, Gastroenterology Department, Basurto, Spain;(12)Consorcio Hospital General Universitario de Valencia, Gastroenterology Department, Valencia, Spain;(13)Althaia Xarxa Assistencial Universitària de Manresa, Gastroenterology Department, Manresa, Spain;(14)Hospital Universitario de Elche, Hospital Universitario de Elche, Elche, Spain;(15)Complejo Asistencial Universitario de León, Gastroenterology Department, León, Spain;(16)Hospital Clínico de Valladolid, Gastroenterology Department, Valladolid, Spain;(17)Hospital Universitario Álaba HUA, Gastroenterology Department, Álaba, Spain;(18)Hospital Virgen de la Concha, Gastroenterology Department, Zamora, Spain;(19)Hospital de Manises, Gastroenterology Department, Manises, Spain;(20)Hospital Universitario San Jorge, Gastroenterology Department, Huesca, Spain;(21)Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía de Córdoba e Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba IMIBIC- Córdoba, Gastroenterology Department, Córdoba, Spain;(22)Hospital General Universitario de Alicante, Gastroenterology, Alicante, Spain;(23)Hospital Universitario de Cabueñes, Gastroenterology Department, Gijón, Spain;(24)Hospital Universitario Son Llàtzer, Gastroenterology Department, Mallorca, Spain;(25)Hospital de Viladecans, Gastroenterology Department, Viladecans, Spain;(26)Hospital Universitario Nuestra Señora de Candelaria, Gastroenterology Department, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain;(27)Hospital Vega Baja de Orihuela, Gastroenterology Department, Orihuela, Spain;(28)Hospital Universitario Son Espases, Gastroenterology Department, Palma de Mallorca, Spain;(29)Hospital Universitari Arnau de Vilanova de Lleida, Gastroenterology Department, Lleida, Spain;(30)Complexo Hospitalario de Pontevedra, Gastroenterology Department, Pontevedra, Spain;(31)Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, Gastroenterology Department, Majadahonda, Spain;(32)Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada e Instituto de Investigación Hospital Universitario La Paz IdiPaz, Gastroenterology Department, Madrid, Spain;(33)Hospital Universitario de La Princesa and Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Princesa IIS-IP, Gastroenterology Department, Madrid, Spain;(34)Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Gastroenterology Department, Madrid, Spain;(35)Hospital Clínico San Carlos and Instituto de Investigación del Hospital Clínico San Carlos [IdISSC], Gastroenterology Department, Madrid, Spain;(36)Hospital Universitario Infanta Leonor, Gastroenterology Department, Madrid, Spain;(37)Consorci Sanitari de Terrassa, Gastroenterology Department, Terrassa, Spain;(38)Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Gastroenterology Deparment, Badalona, Spain; COVID-19-EII Consortium of the ENEIDA project of GETECCU

Background

The exhaustive registry of COVID-19 cases in patients with IBD is a unique opportunity to learn how to deal with this infection, especially in reference to the management of immunosuppressive treatment, isolation measures or if the disease is more severe in IBD patients due to immunosuppression. With these premises, the aims of this study were to know the incidence and characteristics of COVID-19 in the ENEIDA cohort during the first wave of the pandemic; the outcomes among those under immunosuppressants/biologics for IBD; the risk factors for contracting the infection and poor outcomes; and the impact of the infection after three-month follow-up.

Methods

Prospective observational cohort study of all IBD patients with COVID-19 included in the ENEIDA registry (with 60.512 patients in that period) between March and July 2020, with at least 3 months of follow-up. Any patient with a confirmed (by PCR or SARS-CoV-2 serology) or probable (suggestive clinical picture) infection was considered as a case.

Results

A total of 484 patients with COVID-19 from 63 centres were included: 247 Crohn's disease, 223 ulcerative colitis and 14 unclassified colitis; median age 52 years (IQR: 42-61), 48% women and 44% ≥1 comorbidity. Diagnosis was made by PCR: 63% and serology: 35%. The most frequent symptoms: fever (69%), followed by cough (63%) and asthenia (38%). During lockdown 78% followed strict isolation. 35% required hospital admission (ICU: 2.7%) and 12% fulfilled criteria for SIRS upon admission. 16 patients died from COVID-19 (mortality:3.3%). 12% stop IBD medication during COVID-19. At 3 months, taken into account all included cases, 76% were in remission of IBD. Male gender (OR 1.56; 95%CI:1-2.4, p=0.05), ≥40 years of age (OR 2.55; 95% CI:1.4-4.8; p=0.004), Charlson score ≥1 (OR 2.1; 95% CI:1.3-3.5; p=0.004), and systemic steroids <3 months before infection (OR 1.8; 95%CI:1-1.6; p= 0.032), were risk factors for hospitalisation due to COVID-19, while occupation considered of risk was actually protective (OR 0.58; 95%CI:0.3-0.99; p=0.046). A Charlson score ≥ 1 (OR 5.5; 95%CI:1.5-20.3; p=0.001) and the use of aminosalicylates at COVID-19 diagnosis (OR 4.6;95%CI:1.2-17; p=0.023) were associated with ICU admission. Age ≥60 years (OR 6.5; 95%CI:1.7-25.5; p=0.007) was the only risk factor for COVID-19 related death.

Conclusion

IBD does not seem to worsen the prognosis of COVID-19, even when immunosuppressants and biological drugs are used. Age and comorbidity are the most important prognostic factors for more severe COVID-19 in IBD patients. The use of aminosalicylates and the risk of a worse outcome deserves a deeper analysis. 

Funded by the Carlos III Health Institute (COV20 / 00227).

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