P614 Proactive infliximab is superior to either conventional infliximab and vedolizumab in Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Rodrigues, I.(1);Serrazina, J.(1);Botto, I.(1);Fernandes, S.(1);Bernardo, S.(1);Gonçalves, A.R.(1);Moura Santos, P.(1);Valente, A.(1);Correia, L.(1);Tato Marinho, R.(1);
(1)Centro Hospitalar Universitário de Lisboa Norte - Hospital de Santa Maria, Gastroenterology, Lisbon, Portugal;
Available evidence suggests that vedolizumab may be as effective as Infliximab (IFX) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. However, it is unknown if proactive therapeutic drug monitoring may improve these results.
Retrospective study including consecutive patients under conventional management with IFX (n=108), vedolizumab (n=80) and proactive IFX (n=139) aiming at a trough level (IFXTL) between 5-10 µg/mL. We evaluated the rates of fecal calprotectin remission (<250 µg/g) at week 14 and 2 years, and clinical remission, treatment discontinuation, hospitalization, and surgery at 2 years. Primary non-responders were excluded.
Proactive IFX was superior to vedolizumab in respect to Fc remission at week 14 (56.8% vs 34.2%; P=0.001) and at 2-years (74.8% vs 35.9%, P<0.001), clinical remission (79.9% vs 58.0%, P=0.001), and treatment discontinuation (24.5% vs 39.5%, P=0.015), without significance for other outcomes. These results remained significant after correcting for prior anti-TNF use (P=0.027, P<0.001, P=0.01, and P=0.03). Conventional IFX was superior to vedolizumab in respect to Fc remission at 2-years (51.9% vs 35.9%, P=0.022), and treatment discontinuation (15.7% vs 39.5%, P<0.001), without significance for other outcomes. However, these results were not significant after correcting for prior anti-TNF use (P=0.367 and P=0.065).
Our findings suggest that vedolizumab is as effective as conventional IFX. However, proactive IFX was superior to vedolizumab in most clinical outcomes.