P615 The safety and efficacy of ustekinumab combined with sphincter-preserving surgery for perianal fistulizing Crohn’s disease:a single-center retrospective study
Li, Y.(1)*;Gu, Y.(1);
(1)Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Colorectal Surgery, Nanjing, China;
To assess the clinical efficacy and safety of ustekinumab(UST) combined with sphincter-preserving surgery in the treatment of perianal fistulizing Crohn’s disease(pfCD).
A single-center retrospective study. The baseline data of pfCD patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria and visited the Anorectal Department of the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January 2020 to March 2022 were collected. Patients were assessed for fistula response and remission by rectal magnetic resonance image(MRI) and perianal disease activity index(PDAI). Patients' fistula response and remission were assessed by rectal MRI and PDAI. Patients were assessed for clinical response and remission by using Crohn's disease activity Index( CDAI). Patients' anal function was assessed by using the Wexner score. The differences in CDAI,PDAI and inflammatory parameters, including C-reactive protein(CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR), at 0 week, 8 weeks and 16 weeks were statistically analyzed.
A total of 64 pfCD patients were included. Fistula response was 23.4% (8 weeks), 40.6% (16 weeks), and 51.6% (follow-up endpoint); fistula remission was 21.9% (follow-up endpoint); fistula MRI remission was 9.3% (follow-up endpoint); clinical response was 68.8% (8 weeks) and 79.7% (16 weeks); and clinical remission was 46.9% (8 weeks) and 59.4% (16 weeks). CDAI, PDAI and inflammatory parameters at the 8th and 16th week of treatment were significantly lower than those before treatment (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in postoperative anal function (p<0.05). The incidence of adverse events was 1.6%.
UST combined with sphincter-preserving surgery is safe and effective in the treatment of pfCD.This therapy can effectively improve the fistula condition and systemic manifestations.