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P633 Clinical epidemiology of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Lbanon

Abou Rached, A.(1);Saba, J.(1);Yared, F.(1);saniour, J.(1);Abou Khalil, M.(1);Al Bacha, R.(1);Khalil, P.(1);Bou Jaoude, J.(1);

(1)Lebanese university, gastroenterology, Beirut, Lebanon

Background

The worldwide epidemiology of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is changing. Increasing Crohn’s disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC) incidence and prevalence have been recorded. In Lebanon, the current status of IBD is not well known.

Methods

The aim  is to report patients’ characteristics newly diagnosed with IBD in Lebanon based on Montreal classification and to report the prevalence and the incidence of IBD in the Lebanese population during a period of 20 years. This is a retrospective study conducted in collaboration with the National Institute of Pathology, from January 2001 till December 2020 were reviewed. Patients were characterized based on: sex, age at diagnosis, year of diagnosis, location and extension of the disease.

Results

A total of 3101 new IBD cases were identified (1504 UC, 1597 CD), mean age for UC and CD was 41.05 years and 36.5 years, respectively. sex ratio (M/F) of 1.15 and 1.29 in UC and CD, respectively.

In UC, the 3 age groups distribution, ≤ 16 years, 17-40 years and > 40 years were 5.72%, 47.83% and 40.45%, respectively. Regarding the location distribution, E3 was the most prevalent (55.6%), followed by E1 (24.6%) and E2 (19.8%); with no difference between male and female. Similar pattern of location distribution was noted in the 3 age groups. There was no difference in age of diagnosis but a significant increase of E3 from 40% (2001-2010) to 60% (2011-2020) was noted.

In CD, 5.54%, 58.93% and 35.53% of patients were aged ≤ 16 years, 17-40 years and > 40 years, respectively. L1, L2, L3 and L4 represented 57.8%, 16.72%, 23.42% and 1.88% of the location distribution, respectively; without difference between male and female. L1 is significantly higher in the young age groups (≤ 16 years: 68.75% and 17-40 years: 67.72%) compared to the older age group (> 40 years: 39.06%) whereas L2 and L3 were higher in the older age group. When divided into two 10-year periods, there was a significant increase of L1 (63%) in the last 10 years (2010-2020) compared to the 10 years before (40%) and an increase of the disease incidence in the age group 17-40 years.

Based on all these data, we calculated the incidence of UC and CD and their progression during this period of 20 years. We noted a progressive increase of the incidence of IBD, especially for CD in the last 3 years. The cumulative incidence of UC and CD were 4.686 and 4.582, respectively. The prevalence of UC and CD were 69.9 par 100000 and 68.35 per 100000, respectively.

Conclusion

The mean age of IBD in Lebanon is higher than that described in Europe and North America. Pancolitis in UC and ileal involvement in CD remain the most common forms found. There was an increase of the incidence of IBD during the last 20 years and especially of CD during the last 3 years

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