P649 The impact of COVID-19 on quality of life among patients with inflammatory bowel diseases – A Danish prospective population-based cohort study
Attauabi, M.(1,2,3);Dahlerup, J.F.(4);Poulsen, A.(5);Hansen, M.R.(6);Vester-Andersen, M.K.(7);Eraslan, S.(2);Prahm, A.P.(5);Pedersen, N.(8);Larsen, L.(9);Jess, T.(9,10);Neumann, A.(11);Haderslev, K.V.(12);Molazahi, A.(13);Lødrup, A.B.(14);Glerup, H.(15);Oppfeldt, A.M.(16);Jensen, M.D.(17);Theede, K.(1,3);Kiszka-Kanowitz, M.(1,3);Seidelin, J.B.(2);Burisch, J.(1,3);
(1)Copenhagen University Hospital- Hvidovre, Gastrounit- Medical Section, Hvidovre, Denmark;(2)Herlev Hospital- University of Copenhagen, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Herlev, Denmark;(3)University of Copenhagen- Hvidovre Hospital, Copenhagen Center for Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Children- Adolescents and Adults, Hvidovre, Denmark;(4)Aarhus University Hospital, Department of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Aarhus, Denmark;(5)Bispebjerg University Hospital, Digestive Disease Center, Copenhagen, Denmark;(6)North Zealand University Hospital, Department of Gastroenterology, Frederikssund, Denmark;(7)Zealand University Hospital- Koege, Department of Internal Medicine, Koege, Denmark;(8)Slagelse Hospital, Department of Gastroenterology, Slagelse, Denmark;(9)Aalborg University Hospital, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Aalborg, Denmark;(10)Aalborg University, National Center of Excellence for Molecular Prediction of Inflammatory Bowel Disease PREDICT- Department of Clinical Medicine, Copenhagen, Denmark;(11)Region Hospital Viborg, Department of Internal Medicine, Viborg, Denmark;(12)Rigshospitalet- Copenhagen University Hospital, Department of Gastroenterology, Copenhagen, Denmark;(13)Holbaek Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, Holbaek, Denmark;(14)Region Hospital West Jutland- Herning, Department of Internal Medicine, Herning, Denmark;(15)Region Hospital Silkeborg, Department of Internal Medicine, Silkeborg, Denmark;(16)Region Hospital Horsens, Department of Internal Medicine, Horsens, Denmark;(17)Lillebaelt Hospital- Vejle, Department of Internal Medicine- Section of Gastroenterology, Vejle, Denmark; Danish COVID-IBD Study Group
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic raised concerns among patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD) fearing an increased susceptibility to infection and increased risk of poor outcomes. Furthermore, the impact of COVID-19 on subsequent health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has so far not been described. We aimed to evaluate the HRQoL in relation to the severity of COVID-19 in a cohort of survivors.
We conducted a population-based study investigating the outcomes of COVID-19 among patients with UC and CD in Denmark. The Danish COVID-19 IBD Database is an extensive population-based database which prospectively monitors the disease course of laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 among patients with UC and CD. Severe COVID-19 was defined as COVID-19 necessitating intensive care unit admission, ventilator use, or death, while adverse COVID-19 was defined as requirement of COVID-19 related hospitalization. HRQoL was assessed using several validated questionnaires, including the EuroQol five-dimension five-level (EQ-5D-5L) questionnaire, EuroQol Visual Analogue Scale (EQ-VAS), Short Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (SIBDQ), IBD Disability Index (IBD-DI), and IBD Fatigue Score.
HRQoL after COVID-19 was assessed among 137/319 (42.9%) patients with UC of whom 125 (91.2%) and 12 (8.8%) patients experienced mild and adverse COVID-19, respectively. Furthermore, HRQoL was assessed among 85/197 (43.1%) patients with CD of whom 74 (87.1%) and 11 (12.9%) patients experienced mild and adverse COVID-19, respectively. HRQoL was assessed after a median of 5.1 months (IQR 4.5-7.9) after infection. Baseline characteristics are presented according to the availability of HRQoL data in Table 1. No difference was observed in terms of EQ-5D-5L among patients with UC and CD or patients with mild, adverse, or severe COVID-19 (Table 2). Accordingly, the SIBDQ scores were similar among patients with mild, adverse or severe COVID-19 and UC (mild: median 59 (IQR 50-65), adverse: 62 (54-65), severe: 62 (54-65), p=0.89) or CD (mild: 57 (46-65), 58 (49-64), 58 (49-64), p=0.91) as well, and no difference was observed in the subscores (Table 2). In line with these results, the IBD Disability Index (UC: median 10 (IQR 6-16), CD: 13 (6-20), p=0.16) were not associated with the severity of COVID-19 (Table 3). Finally, CD patients with adverse COVID-19 experienced more fatigue than patients with mild COVID-19 (26 (IQR 25-35) vs. 41 (IQR 29-46), p=0.03).
This Danish population-based study found no durable impact of COVID-19 on health-related quality of life among patients with inflammatory bowel disease providing further assurance for the clinical guidelines for IBD care during the pandemic.