P704 The effect of antiTNFα and anti-integrin agents on liver steatosis in inlamatory bowel disease patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Mitrovic, M.(1)*;Marković, S.(1);Kalaba, A.(2);Zarić, D.(1);Kralj, Đ.(1);Milić, A.(2);Svorcan, P.(1);
(1)University Medical Center Zvezdara, Department of Gastroenterology, Belgrade, Serbia;(2)University Medical Center Zvezdara, Departement of Gastroenterology, Belgrade, Serbia;
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been recognized as a common condition in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients and could contribute to their overall morbidity. Anti-TNFα and anti-integrin agents have been the cornerstones of IBD therapy with proven clinical efficacy, but it΄s effect on liver steatosis is still unclear. Therefore this study aimed to evaluate the impact of anti-TNFα and anti-integrin agents on liver steatosis in IBD patients with proven NAFLD.
A total of 32 IBD patients with NAFLD, naive to biologic agents, 21 with an established diagnosis of ulcerative colitis, and 11 with Crohn's disease were prospectively recruited for the study. NAFLD was defined by a baseline attenuation (ATT) coefficient measured by shear-wave (SW) elastometry of 0.63 dB/cm/MHz or higher and a baseline alanine aminotransferase (ALT) of more than 40 IU/L for males and 35 IU/L for females. The exclusion criteria were alcohol use (consuming > 40 g alcohol/day for men and > 20 g/day for women in the preceding 12 months), concomitant chronic viral hepatitis, the presence of hepatic carcinoma, biliary disease, drug use, and hypothyroidism. A total of 11 patients were treated with Adalimumab, 9 patients with Infliximab, and 12 patients with Vedolizumab. The SW elastometry and laboratory exams were performed at the moment of therapy induction and after the 6-month course of therapy.
The anti-TNFα treatment significantly reduced liver steatosis according to the ATT coefficient dynamic (0.70±0.07 vs 0.66±0.03 dB/cm/MHz, p=0.021) and ALT level dynamic came on the verge of statistical significance (44±7 vs 40±6 IU/L, p=0.058). We did not observe a significant difference between the Infliximab- and Adalimumab-treated patients. The anti-integrin agent, Vedolizumab, had no impact on liver steatosis (0.66±0.03 vs 0.67±0.04 dB/cm/MHz) and ALT level dynamic (47±4 vs 45±5, p=0.29). Both groups of agents had no impact on patients' lipid profile dynamic. We found no correlation between liver steatosis level and CRP and fecal calprotectin dynamic.
In the short term, we observed potential beneficial effects of anti-TNFα agents on liver steatosis of IBD patients with proven NAFLD.