P749 Crohn’s disease stricture response and resolution with adalimumab therapy demonstrated with intestinal ultrasound. The STRIDENT randomised trial.
Lovett, G.(1,2)*;Schulberg, J.D.(1,2);Hamilton, A.L.(1,2);Wright, E.K.(1,2);Sutherland, T.R.(2,3);Kamm, M.A.(1,2);
(1)St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, Department of Gastroenterology, Melbourne, Australia;(2)University of Melbourne, Department of Medicine, Melbourne, Australia;(3)St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, Department of Radiology, Melbourne, Australia;
Transmural healing is a treatment goal in the management of Crohn’s disease, and intestinal ultrasound (IUS) is potentially a sensitive, non-invasive and reproducible means to assess the response to treatment.
The STRIDENT (Stricture Definition and Treatment) study was a randomised controlled trial of standard dose monotherapy adalimumab versus intensive high-dose adalimumab combined with a thiopurine. Crohn’s disease patients with symptomatic intestinal strictures were randomised 2:1 to high dose adalimumab induction (160mg weekly for 4 weeks) with 40mg fortnightly maintenance plus thiopurine, with possible dose escalation at 4 and 8 months, versus standard dose adalimumab monotherapy. The primary endpoint was clinical response, defined as a reduction in the Obstructive Symptom Score (OSS) of ≥1, at 12 months. IUS was performed at baseline, 4, 8 and 12 months. IUS endpoints included stricture resolution (normalisation of pre-stenotic dilation (<2.5cm); reduced stricture bowel wall thickness (BWT ≥25% reduction); reduced colour doppler blood flow (inflammation, Limberg score ≤1) and normalisation of BWT (≤3mm). Patients with good quality baseline IUS and IUS-visible strictures were included for analysis.
77 patients underwent therapy randomisation. Of 63 patients with IUS-visible strictures 43 (68%) were in the intensive arm. Primary outcome was achieved by 32 (74%) patients in the intensive and 14 (70%) in the standard arms. Stricture resolution was seen in 1/5 non-responders and 18/45 responders. Median BWT reduced from 6.4mm (IQR 5.2-7.3mm) at baseline to 4.9mm (IQR 3-6mm) at 12 months (P<0.001). Clinical responders had significant reduction in median BWT from 6.0mm (IQR 4.5-7.1) at baseline to 4.3mm (IQR 3-5.7) at 12 months (P<0.001). There was no significant reduction in BWT at 4, 8 or 12 months in non-responders (P=0.26, P=0.29, P=0.26 respectively). BWT >3mm at 12 months occurred more often in non-responders than responders (P<0.05). Stricture resolution was seen in 13/36 in the intensive arm and 6/14 standard arm (P=0.75). The intensive arm had significant reduction in median BWT from 6.6mm (IQR 5.5-7.4mm) at baseline to 5.1mm (IQR 3-6.4mm) at 12 months (P<0.001). There was no significant reduction in BWT at 4, 8 or 12 months in the standard arm (P=0.75, P=0.42, P=0.09 respectively). There was no significant difference in BWT>3mm between trial arms at 12 months (P=1).
Stricture resolution and bowel wall thickness normalisation were demonstrated on intestinal ultrasound in stricturing Crohn’s disease patients treated with adalimumab therapy. Adalimumab therapy is associated with clinical improvement, and transmural improvement and healing, in patients with Crohn’s disease strictures.